Best Western Grand Hôtel
The meetings and lectures will take place at the Best Western Grand Hotel.
Saturday 9 June - 14 H - 18.30 H (Coffee break from 16 H - 16.30 H)
• From the emergence of the graioid morphotype to the ancestral Irish Wolfhound, by Sophie LICARI
• Current issues and future challenges around dog breeding by Grégoire LEROY, PhD
• 20 minutes of Free Rein to the IWCI for selecting the speaker and a topic within the Standard of the breed.
Lecture by Sophie Licari
From the emergence of the graioid morphotype to the ancestral Irish Wolfhound.
The graioid morphotype is the cynotechnical name of sight hounds, corresponding to a vertical lengthening of shape which allows these dogs to perform sight hunting with the greatest efficiency. The sight hound is one of the first two specialized canine morphotypes to emerge, the beginning of its intentional selection taking place in North East Africa, West Asia and South Central Asia, in the 5th-4th millennia B.C., when occurring in the Middle East decisive civilizational developments whose the sight hound is a testimony. The sight hound morphotype extends in the following times, reaching Europe and East Asia. It is known by Greco-Roman, Far Eastern, Persian, Arabic worlds, and Celtic world of course with the "vertragus", well described by Roman writers. The Middle Ages, where it is closely linked to the aristocratic way of life, is the climax of the sight hounds. References to a large Irish hound, wolf hunter, continue to punctuate British history and literature, supported by a rare but significant iconography, before he disappears in the late eighteenth century.
Sophie Licari is cynologist journalist for 20 years. She is the author of numerous articles, features, special issues, for the press magazine and the official journal of the Société Centrale Canine (the French Kennel Club), and participated in various scientific conferences and radio-TV programs. She is particularly specialized in the history of the canine raciation.
Lecture by Grégoire Leroy, PhD
Current issues and future challenges around dog breeding
Over the last two hundred years, dog breeding has remained largely in the hands of enthusiasts, with selection objectives mostly aimed at conformation or at behavioural traits. Recently, the dog world has become challenged by a growing number of issues. Breeding practices, such as the overuse of popular sires and the selection toward exaggerated morphological features have led to the emergence of a large number of inherited disorders. Therefore, the improvement of dog health is now viewed has a priority for most dog stakeholders. In the same time, given the increasing exchanges of reproducers across countries, health issues cannot be tackled anymore at a national scale, and there is a need of collaborative actions and strategies at an international level. In parallel, the growing development of genomics offers many opportunities of development of tools for breed and health improvement. An increasing number of DNA tests has been developed to detect carriers or individuals prone to express inherited disorders, or dogs interesting for the genetic variability of the breed. Genetic basis behind a growing number of complex morphological or behavioural traits have also been identified, with potential interest for dog breeding. However, there is a lack of standards, protocols and advises to guide breeders and breed clubs on how to use these tools in a rational manner.
As a consequence, there is a need for the development of holistic tools to (i) assess the complexity of the situation in which most breeds currently are; (ii) define what priorities should be; (iii) propose strategies and adequate interventions that could be implemented by breed and kennel clubs to answer to their respective challenges.
Profile Grégoire LEROY, PhD
• Current position
Animal production officer seconded by French Ministry of Agriculture to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO).
• Fields of research
Characterization, conservation and sustainable use of animal genetic ressources.
- 2008 PhD in Animal Genetics. Genetic diversity and breed management in dogs.
- 2004 Agronomy Engineer, Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon.
20 minutes of Free Rein to the IWCI for selecting the speaker and a topic within the Standard of the breed.